This board is based on an online World History course taught by Jeremy Adelman of Princeton. It is more or less my method of notetaking while I watch the…
Last Mughal emperor's descendants to be traced
Bahadur Shah Zafar, 1775–1862, last Mughal emperor of India (1837–57) exiled in Rangoon, 1858 - The Sepoy mutineers said they were fighting for him, and he reluctantly went along. After the rebellion was crushed, he was exiled and replaced with a Viceroy.
"The cartridges shown are one of the causes of the Sepoy Rebellion (aka Sepoy Mutiny). The cartridges had to be bitten to work and that was an issue because they were" rumored to be "coated with pig and cow fat. Many Sepoys belonged to Hinduism and Islam, religions in which eating cow and pig was" forbidden.
Teota Zamindar Palace
Many if not most of the old Zamindar palaces now look like this. Some have been renovated as tourist attractions. "Teota Zamindar Palace (তেওতা জমিদার বাড়ী) is located at the Shibalaya (শিবালায়া ) Upazila of Manikganj (মানিকগঞ্জ)district. The palace is locally known as Teota Rajbari (তেওতা রাজবাড়ি) and Teota Jomidar bari(তেওতা জমিদার বাড়ী). This palace is possibly over 300 years of old."
1962, Calcutta, India, beggars in front of a palace, waiting to be fed (c)
Although this is a picture of a Zamindar palace in 1962, (Calcutta), it demonstrates some of the income inequality that became even more of a problem in the transition to the new export economy. The Zamindars grew richer and more powerful, but others (like these beggars) spiraled downward.
Cotton Cultivation in India: Conditions, Types, Production and Distribution
Indian cotton and jute growing regions. Areas where these crops grew became increasingly intertwined with British merchants and decreasingly oriented toward the Mughal Empire. The empire ruled these areas in name only, and eventually not even in that.
The Cotton Gin - this one technological innovation impacted millions of people. The cotton gin made cotton production more profitable, which increased the demand for slaves in the US. It also enriched slave owners and textile merchants, and shifted the balance of financial power from linen/wool producing nations to cotton producing and processing ones (like the US and the UK). See more on the impact of technology on my board, Modern World History.
The Industrial/Market revolution provided some opportunity for those in the middle and lower classes, but it also threatened the position of the land rich/cash poor nobility who often struggled to maintain their position in society. Downton Abbey demonstrates this struggle delightfully, as do most of the novels of Jane Austen.