Sumerian cuneiform script and Sumerian language
Details of the Sumerian cuneiform script, the world's oldest writing system, which was used to write Sumerian, a semitic language spoken in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq and Syria) until about 500 AD.
Ugaritic cuneiform was named after Ugarit, the city state where it was used in what is now Syria. It was probably created sometime during the 14th century BC. Ugaritic cuneiform outwardly resembles other cuneiform scripts and has a sound system based on consonant alphabets such as Phoenician/Canaanite. Ugarit flourished from the 14th century BC until 1180/70 BC, when it was destroyed.
Erbil, Kurdistan is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in history. The first mention of Erbil in literary sources comes from the archives of Ebla, recording two journeys to Erbil (Irbilum) by a messenger from Ebla around 2300 BC. Later, Erridupizir, king of Gutium, captured the city in 2200 BC. It was an integral part of Assyria from around 2500 BC until 605 BC, and it remained part of Assyria under Persian, Greek, Parthian, Roman and Sassanid rule.
Mushussu (also known as Mushhushshu or Sirrush) is the Dragon of Babylon and one of two animals depicted on the Ishtar Gate. This kudurru dates back to the Second Dynasty of Isin, 1156-1025 BCE. Newly unearthed artifacts depicting the Mushussu or Mushhushshu that were kept in Babylon Museum in Iraq were stolen in mid October 2012.
Ur III Sumerian cuneiform for An (and determiner for deity DINGIR). In Sumerian mythology, An (also Anu) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. He was one of the oldest gods in the Sumerian pantheon, and part of a triad including Enlil, god of the air and Enki, god of water.